Cages Through The Ages
Oriental-style cages were popular during the Deco period, from the 1920s
until the 1940s. One example, probably manufactured by Hendryx, was a round,
hanging pagoda-style cage with a brass-wire seed screen and side-out tray. The
bottom was fastened to the top part of the cage with small, attached brass
clips. On some models from this era, the clips were adorned with small owls or
little figures of Asian men. The stands for some of these cages echoed the shape
of the cage. Stylized Deco cages were also made in Germany, incorporating cut
glass and perforated metal inserts into the designs.
Canaries were popular pets during this period, and around 1929-1930,
Hartz Mountain produced small, wood carrying cages labeled with the company
name. A newer metal version later appeared.
American Radio Warblers, billed as canary songsters, were featured on live
radio broadcasts during this era. The birds sang along with background music,
and some of the recordings still exist on 78-RPM records (check Internet auction
sites, or do a search for American Radio Warblers), which were marketed for
human enjoyment and as training aids for canaries. 3 Vees, a seed, grit and egg
food company, manufactured a small cage for the Radio Warblers, and it is highly
collectible today. Collectors also seek food containers (called advertising
tins in the collectibles trade), feeders, magazines, books and other avian
accessories from this period.
The Atomic Age (1945-1952) revolutionized cage
production. Cages fabricated entirely of plastic, plastic seed-guards and
decorative touches began to appear on mass-produced bird homes. Cage styles
began to evolve to reflect the new modern world and America's love affair with
the budgie. The chrome or brass finish Hendryx hatbox cage sported a circular
design and featured a unique slide up cage tray that works something like a
breadbox lid. Look for these at yard sales. People are emptying the 50s attics
now, advised Greg Cristiano, a retired auto executive and former pet shop
Made in Occupied Japan label or stamping indicates that an item was fabricated
in Japan during the American occupation (1945-1952) following World War II.
Cages, toy cages and cage accessories made in Japan during this short period in
history are quite collectible.
Molded plastic cage tops and bottoms in colors poplar during the 1960s
(harvest gold, avocado, etc.) began to appear in pet and variety stores.
Canaries, finches and budgies were the species most commonly kept as pets, and
large parrot cages were not yet readily available.
When the exotic bird hobby began to escalate in 1970s and 80s, the
demand for practical, yet attractive parrot, cockatiel and macaw cages inspired
new designer and large-scale production of cages for these birds. The
availability of tame, hand-reared hookbills spurred more people to obtain birds
as pets and, by the 90s, rudimentary parrot cage had evolved into large, sleek,
easy-to-care-for bird homes. Wrought iron gave way to cold-rolled steel and
stainless steel. Casters appeared on large cages for ease of movement. Feeder
designs improved, and mess management systems are still being perfected. Your
bird may be living in tomorrow's collectible.
Help from an expert
Cristiano has been in the antique cage business for about four years but
has been a memorabilia buff since he began collecting coins as a child. Now he's
a fixture at antiques shows and events around Long Island, NY, and his business,
North Fork Pets and Antiques, is getting buzz as the place to look for antique
and vintage bird cages and pet and veterinary collectibles.
I had a pair of canaries, and my fiance remarked that I had lovely
antiques and suggested I look around for cages and avian memorabilia. Soon
after, I saw an Art Deco cage, which I obtained at a low price, then I began
studying the styles and artistry of bird cages. The concept I'd had from working
in the pet shop A cage is just a cage quickly changed to A cage is an art
form. I learned about Art Noveau, Art Deco, the Arts and Crafts movement,
rustics and more. Cages became sculpture to me.
cages from Enlightenment Period in the 1600s and 1700s looked like something I'd
like to live in myself. The cages from Middle Europe, Flanders, Holland and
Austria were very architectural, even castle-like
longtime history aficionado, Cristiano was unable to locate anyone who had made
the study of antique cages a serious avocation. There was no centralized source
to consult for information on vintage and antique cages. The best way to do it,
he deduced, was to go trough old catalogs and books. So, Cristiano bought old
pet supply catalog dating back to the 1800s (his oldest is circa 1820) and
parrot care books dating from around 1800. I had a limited budget and limited
time. I went online to do more research, and now museums call me for help in
of the museums that called upon Cristiano for assistance is the McKissick Museum
at the University of South Carolina in Columbia. The museum is planning an
exhibit called Pets in America, which will open in September 2005. Beginning
in early 2006 and continuing trough 2007, the exhibit will travel to sites
throughout the United States. The first stop will be at the Public Museum of
Grand Rapids, Michigan. According to Executive Director Lynn Robertson, vintage
cages and bird supplies will be on exhibit, and presentations will include talks
on the history of birdkeeping. For information contact: the Kissick Museum at
(803) 777-7251, or visit www.cla.sc.edu/MCKS for periodic updates.
of Cristiano's cages end up back where they began. Someone at the Hrtz Mountain
Group sis an Internet search on old products and learned of a rare Hartz
Mountain cage in Cristiano's possession. The company purchased the cage, and
it's now on display in its corporate offices.
and Coming Classics
According to Cristiano, The 50s are hot. Atomic age stuff and cages
produced when parakeets (budgies) came into popular culture and still available
at garage sales. You'll notice that cages became a little lather after WWII.
They're out there, and many are still usable and reasonably priced.
Grandma's attic has some good selections too! Check the bottom tray on any cage
you may be considering; bird droppings may have burned holes through the metal.
quite taken with the translucent plastic Atomic Age (1945-1954) cage in
Cristiano's collection. The shape is evocative of a vintage radio. Fabricated of
a plastic, pre-acrylic material, the cage was found in an antique shop in
Bellport, New York. Kandace Westhoff located her smaller version on an Internet
auction site. Cristiano says people love this model. I've seen it in two sizes
and three colors: clear, green and orange. They're very fragile; light exposure
makes the plastic even more brittle and may cause discoloration. The process is
called solarizing. Cristiano advises: If you're lucky enough to have one of
these cages, keep it out of direct sunlight.
Although the decorative designs on the plastic are quite intricate, there
are no identifying marks or manucaturers' names on the plastic cages. Cristiano
explained that at the time, many people in rural America shopped through
catalogs, thus purchasing non-branded items. Many cages were also stamped at
local stores. Even some hardware stores put their own names on the cages they
Cristiano said that some vintage cages are still in good condition that
they're often suitable for avian habitation. He recalled seeing a large, bell
shaped parrot cage with no bottom. The owner used a piece of majolica
serving-ware as a base! However, much of his market is to collectors and for
decorative use. He sometimes gets lectures from people who assume all the cages
are marketed as bird homes. What applies today, wasn't always the norm. Today,
people buy large cages for their birds. In the past, the cages were small, but
the birds were out, chained to a perch for most of the day. (Don't try this at
home: leg chains are dangerous!) The small cages served as beds at